People - Cameron Carter
Bsc.Med. Functional Neuroanatomy, Western Australia School of Medicine, 1976
M.B.B.S. Medicine, University of Western Australia School of Medicine, 1980
The work in our laboratory focuses on neural mechanisms of attention and memory, and on the pathophysiological processes underlying clinical disorders that involve these cognitive systems. Our research integrates behavioral, computational, and functional neuroimaging (fMRI, PET, ERP). We are particularly interested in the relative contribution of the prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate to executive processes and the interaction of this circuitry with related brain regions involved in motivation, learning and memory.
A second avenue of research focuses on the pathophysiology of disturbances in cognition in mental disorders such as schizophrenia and OCD, with the goal of developing more effective therapies which can improve patients' chances of rehabilitation. We are also involved in the development of new treatments for cognitive disability in schizophrenia and other brain disorders. A key element of the philosophy of the lab is that good clinical research can only proceed if it is being constantly informed by ongoing theoretical and methodological progress in basic cognitive neuroscience, and that the experiments of nature provided by clinical brain disorders may provide us with powerful additional insights into the neural basis of normal cognition.
Beth E. Snitz, Angus MacDonald, III, Jonathan D. Cohen, Raymond Y. Cho, Theresa Becker, and Cameron S. Carter (2005). Lateral and Medial Hypofrontality in First-Episode Schizophrenia: Functional Activity in a Medication-Naive State and Effects of Short-Term Atypical Antipsychotic Treatment. Am J Psychiatry 2005; 162 2322-2329. pdf
van Veen, V., & Carter, C. S. (2005). Separating semantic conflict and response conflict in the Stroop task: A functional MRI study. NeuroImage, 27(3), 497-504. pdf
Anita D. Barber and Cameron S. Carter. (2005). Cognitive Control Involved in Overcoming Prepotent Response Tendencies and Switching Between Tasks. Cerebral Cortex 2005 15: 899-912. pdf
Ursu, S. & Carter, C. S. (2005). Outcome representations, counterfactual comparisons and the human orbitofrontal cortex: implications for neuroimaging studies of decision-making. Cognitive Brain Research, 23(1), 51-60. pdf
Angus W. MacDonald, III, Cameron S. Carter, John G. Kerns, Stefan Ursu, Deanna M. Barch, Avram J. Holmes, V. Andrew Stenger, and Jonathan D. Cohen. (2005). Specificity of Prefrontal Dysfunction and Context Processing Deficits to Schizophrenia in Never-Medicated Patients With First-Episode Psychosis. Am J Psychiatry 2005;162 475-484. pdf
Myeong-Ho Sohn, Adam Goode, V. Andrew Stenger, Kwan-Jin Jung, Cameron S. Carter and John R. Anderson. (2005). An information-processing model of three cortical regions: evidence in episodic memory retrieval. NeuroImage, 25(1), 21-33. pdf
Qin Y, Sohn M-H, Anderson J, Stenger VA, Fissell K, Goode A, Carter CS. (2003). Predicting the practice effects on the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) function of fMRI in a symbolic manipulation task. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U.S.A., 100:8, 4951-4956. pdf
Van Veen V, Carter CS. (2002). The timing of action monitoring processes in the anterior cingulate cortex. J Cog Neuroscience 14:4;593-602. pdf
Carter CS, Mac Donald AW, Ross LL, Stenger AS. (2001). Anterior Cingulate Cortex and Impaired Self-Monitoring of Performance in Patients with Schizophrenia: An Event-Related fMRI Study. Am J Psychiatry 1423-1428. pdf
Mac Donald AW, Cohen JD, Stenger VA, Carter CS. (2000). Dissociating the role of Dorsolateral Prefrontal and Anterior Cingulate Cortex in cognitive control. Science 288:1835-1838. pdf
Aizenstein HJ, Mac Donald AW, Stenger VA, Nebes RD, Larson JK, Ursu S, Carter CS. (2000). Complementary category learning systems identified using event-related functional MRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 12(6):977-87. pdf
Carter CS, Mac Donald A.M. Ross L.L. Stenger V.A. Noll D. Cohen J.D. (2000). Parsing executive processes: strategic versus evaluative functions of the anterior cingulate cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U.S.A. 97:1944-48.
Carter, C.S., Braver, T.S., Barch, D.M., Botvinick, M., Noll, D., and Cohen, J.D. (1998). Anterior cingulate cortex, error detection, and the on line monitoring of performance. Science 280: 747-749.